Understanding Retinal Diseases: Common Conditions and Their Symptoms

The retina is a crucial part of the eye, responsible for capturing light and sending visual signals to the brain. When the retina is compromised by disease, it can significantly impact vision and quality of life. At the South Carolina Retina Institute, our experts are dedicated to helping individuals preserve and enhance their eyesight by diagnosing and treating a variety of retinal diseases. In this article, we’ll explore common retinal conditions such as macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy, and retinal detachment, along with their symptoms and risk factors.

Macular Degeneration

Macular degeneration, also known as age-related macular degeneration (AMD), is a leading cause of vision loss in individuals over 50. It affects the macula, the part of the retina responsible for sharp central vision.


  • Blurred or fuzzy vision
  • Difficulty recognizing faces
  • Straight lines appearing wavy or distorted
  • Dark or empty areas in the center of vision

Risk Factors:

  • Age (over 50)
  • Family history of AMD
  • Smoking
  • Obesity
  • High blood pressure

Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy is a complication of diabetes that affects the blood vessels in the retina. High blood sugar levels can damage these vessels, leading to vision problems and even blindness if left untreated.


  • Floaters or dark spots in vision
  • Blurred vision
  • Poor night vision
  • Colors appearing faded or washed out
  • Vision loss

Risk Factors:

  • Prolonged diabetes
  • Poor blood sugar control
  • High blood pressure
  • High cholesterol
  • Pregnancy (in diabetic women)

Retinal Detachment

Retinal detachment occurs when the retina separates from the back of the eye, which can lead to permanent vision loss if not treated promptly. It is a medical emergency requiring immediate attention.


  • Sudden appearance of floaters
  • Flashes of light
  • A shadow or curtain over part of the visual field
  • Sudden, severe vision loss

Risk Factors:

  • Severe nearsightedness
  • Family history of retinal detachment
  • Previous eye surgery or trauma
  • Aging (over 50)
  • Previous retinal detachment in the other eye

Expert Care at South Carolina Retina Institute

At the South Carolina Retina Institute, we understand the profound impact retinal diseases can have on your life. Our team of skilled specialists is dedicated to providing comprehensive clinical services and care tailored to each patient’s unique needs. From advanced diagnostic techniques to state-of-the-art treatment options, we are committed to helping you maintain or restore your vision.

Our Services Include:

  • Detailed eye exams and diagnostic tests
  • Personalized treatment plans
  • State-of-the-art surgical interventions
  • Ongoing patient education and support

Schedule an Appointment Today

If you are experiencing any symptoms of retinal disease or have risk factors that concern you, don’t wait to seek professional care. The experts at South Carolina Retina Institute are here to help you protect your vision and enhance your quality of life.

Contact us today to schedule an appointment and take the first step towards better eye health.

Understanding and addressing retinal diseases early can make all the difference. Trust the experts at South Carolina Retina Institute to guide you through every step of your eye health journey.